C is a high-level programming language developed in the 1970s by Dennis Ritchie at Bell Labs. It is commonly used for creating system software, such as operating systems and device drivers, and has also been widely adopted in application programming. C is known for its efficiency and portability, making it a popular language for developing low-level programs that require direct access to hardware. It is a structured programming language that follows a procedural approach, making it easy to learn and understand. C’s syntax is relatively simple, with a rich set of built-in functions and data types. Its popularity continues to endure due to its widespread use and versatility.